certain


certain
certain adj
1 positive, *sure, cocksure
Analogous words: *confident, assured, sanguine
Antonyms: uncertain
Contrasted words: *doubtful, dubious, questionable
2 Certain, inevitable, necessary are comparable when they mean bound to follow in obedience to the laws of nature or of thought.
What is certain does not admit of being described as probable even in the highest conceivable degree and is beyond question or dispute
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death is the only future event we can regard as certain

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it is certain that effects must have a cause— Bp. Butler

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What is inevitable (see also INEVITABLE) is as it must be (sometimes should be) according to some unchangeable law (as of nature, of logic, or of beauty). Inevitable often carries little suggestion of unavoidability but stresses finality (as in truth or Tightness) or an ultimate character (as perfection)
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the results obtained in an actual experiment . . . seem nonsensical . . . when we picture light as bullets, but perfectly natural and inevitable when we picture it as waves— Jeans

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the design is, indeed, so happy, so right, that it seems inevitable; the design is the story and the story is the design— Cather

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What is necessary is logically or naturally inevitable and cannot be denied without resulting contradiction or frustration
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most of the distinctions of law are distinctions of degree. If the states had any power it was assumed that they had all power and that the necessary alternative was to deny it altogether— Justice Holmes

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his plays are the necessary expression of his mind and character, not the necessary conditions of his existence— Inge

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Antonyms: probable: supposed
Contrasted words: possible, likely (see PROBABLE): precarious (see DANGEROUS)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • certain — certain, aine [ sɛrtɛ̃, ɛn ] adj. et pron. • certan 1160; lat. pop. °certanus, de certus « assuré » I ♦ Adj. A ♦ Après le nom 1 ♦ (Possibilité) (Sujet chose) Qui est effectif sans laisser aucun doute, perçu directement ou établi par des preuves,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • certain — certain, aine (sèr tin, tè n ) adj. 1°   Qui ne peut manquer, faillir, tromper, en parlant des choses. Ce qui est certain Il est certain que.... Je n oserais donner pour certain que.... Tenir pour certain. Un espoir certain de salut. Je le sais… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • certain — CERTAIN, AINE. adject. Indubitable, vrai. En ce sens il ne se dit que Des choses. Cela est certain. La nouvelle est certaine. Il est certain. On tient pour certain. Faire un rapport certain. J ai eu un avis certain que. ... f♛/b] En parlant Des… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Certain — Cer tain, a. [F. certain, fr. (assumed) LL. certanus, fr. L. certus determined, fixed, certain, orig. p. p. of cernere to perceive, decide, determine; akin to Gr. ? to decide, separate, and to E. concern, critic, crime, riddle a sieve, rinse, v.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • certain — et asseuré, Certus, Indubitatus. Certain de partir, Iam certus eundi. En certain temps, Rato tempore. Il est certain, Liquet, Certum, Non arbitrarium. Il n est rien si certain, Certo certius, B. ex Vlp. Pour certain, Nae, Nimirum, Plane, Verum… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • certain — CERTAIN, [cert]aine. adj. Asseuré, vray. Faire un rapport certain & assuré de quelque chose. des nouvelles certaines. On dit aussi, Estre certain de quelque chose, pour dire, En estre bien asseuré. Estes vous bien certain de cela? j en suis fort… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • certain — [sʉrt′ n] adj. [ME & OFr < VL * certanus < L certus, determined, fixed, orig. pp. of cernere, to distinguish, decide, orig., to sift, separate: see HARVEST] 1. fixed, settled, or determined 2. sure (to happen, etc.); inevitable 3. not to be …   English World dictionary

  • CERTAIN — CERTAIN, CERTITUDE.     Je suis certain; j ai des amis; ma fortune est sûre; mes parents ne m abandonneront jamais; on me rendra justice; mon ouvrage est bon, il sera bien reçu; on me doit, on me paiera; mon amant sera fidèle, il l a juré; le… …   Dictionnaire philosophique de Voltaire

  • certain — I (fixed) adjective absolute, assured, attested, certified, changeless, conclusive, confident, confirmed, decided, decisive, definite, determinate, determined, firm, guaranteed, incontestable, incontrovertible, indisputable, indubitable,… …   Law dictionary

  • certain — cer‧tain [ˈsɜːtn ǁ ˈsɜːrtn] adjective a sum certain LAW an amount of money that cannot be changed or have anything added to it: • a written order requiring the importer to pay a sum certain in the exporter s domestic currency * * * certain UK US… …   Financial and business terms


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